Open knowledge scholarship

Open Knowledge Scholarship is about making research visible and sharing knowledge. OER (Open Education Resources) share this common principle. They are educational resources that are both free to use and can be legally redistributed. Most OERs have the 5 R’s, which are:


Open Textbooks

Open Library

  • Ontario’s OER repository

BCCampus OpenED

  • Canada’s first major OER repository

Rebus Projects


  • More than 6,000 Open Access Ebooks from 75+ publishers, including Brill, Cornell University Press, De Gruyter, and University of California Press. Includes Area Studies, history, humanities, and social science


  • Over 50,000 curated OER content from academic, government, non-profit and research organizations

Open Textbook Library

  • One of the largest open textbook repositories operated by University of Minnesota. Search over 709 textbooks including education, humanities, social sciences


  • OER search tool developed by SUNY Library. Searches OER content from 97 different sources


  • Peer-reviewed textbooks with instructor and student resources. This includes LMS course integration, lecture slides

OpenSUNY Textbooks

  • Established by State University of New York. Offers high-quality, cost-effective course resources by engaging faculty as authors and peer-reviewers. Includes arts, education, English, health, information technology, mathematics, and sciences


  • Open access publishing in European Networks.
  • Contains academic books, mainly in humanities and social sciences.

Athabasca University Press

  • Athabasca University is commited to making research and scholarship freely accessible through the publication of books and journals in open access.  Includes Canadian Studies, education, health, history, psychology.

NCBI Bookshelf

  • Bookshelf by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information with free online books and documents in life science and healthcare.

Free Electrical Engineering Textbook Initiative

  • A free textbook initiative for engineering courses spearheaded by University of Michigan, UC-Berkeley and The University of Utah.

Open Books

Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB)

  • A platform for discovering open access Ebooks

Open Library

  • An open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published.

Project Gutenberg

  • First and largest single collection of free electronic books, or eBooks.

HathiTrust Digital Library

  • A collection of 17 million digital items in the public domain

Open Data and Statistics

General Statistics Office of Vietnam

  • Statistic and data of Vietnam

World Bank Open Data

  • Free and open access to global development data


  • Publications and statistics from the EU, with data in economics, population, agriculture, trade, transportation, and the environment.

  • U.S. federal data with links to U.S. states, cities and counties with web sites that provide open data

UN data

  • A web-based data service for the global user community

EU Open Data Portal

  • A portal housing a variety of open data across EU policy domains, including the economy, employment, science, environment, and education

Google Public Data Explorer

  • Public interest data sets that you can explore using Google’s data tools

Open Data Canada

  • Government of Canada’s open data sets, covering demographic, financial, map data, and more


  • Microdata, opinion polls, Largely U.S., but some Canadian and international


  • a unique forum and knowledge hub for global data and analysis.


  • Statistics Canada microdata files, opinion polls

Open Simulations

National Science Digital Library (NSDL)

  • High quality online educational resources for teaching and learning, with current emphasis on the sciences, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines.


  • Covers a variety of subjects: biology, business, chemistry, engineering, geosciences, humanities, mathematics, medicine, physics, social sciences, statistics
  • More than just textbooks: visualizations, simulations, embedded executable source code, etc.

PHET – Interactive Simulations for Science and Math

  • Gamified and interactive math and science simulations to engage students.
  • Covers physics, biology, chemistry, earth science, and math.


  • Contains hundreds of interactive simulations, interactive self-study modules, and videos on the topic of chemical and biological engineering.

SOFA – Simulation Open Framework Architecture

  • open-source framework dedicated to research, prototyping and developing physics-based simulations, with an emphasis on medical simulations.

Project Jupyter

  • Open-source, open-standards project that supports interactive data science and scientific computing across all programming languages

Open Access Journals

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

  • Indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals.


  • A database of more than 200 subscribed and open-access titles in the biological, ecological, and environmental sciences


  • Not-for-profit scholarly publishing cooperative committed to providing open access to quality research journals published in developing countries

Open Courseware

John Hopkins School of Public Health (JHSPH) OpenCourseWare

  • Offers over 90 courses from the John Hopkins University (Bloomberg School of Public Health), complete with lectures and course material.

MasonOER Metafinder

  • A federated search tool and searches several OER repositories simultaneously.

OASIS (Openly available sources integrated search)

  • A search tool for finding OER contents from 97 sources and contains over 386,000 records.

MERLOT (Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching)

  • A curated collection of Open Educational Resources, including textbooks and content creation tools.

MIT Open Courseware

  • A huge open collection of MIT’s course content.  Includes material from 2260 courses across all disciplines available.


  • Offers free online courses for students developed by recognized universities and colleges. 

OER Commons

  • A large repository for Open Educational Resources, including activities, assessments, lecture notes, and lesson plans.

Open Waterloo

  • A collection of open online resources for learning and knowledge creation/dissemination at the University of Waterloo, including courseware on arts, engineering, environment, Math and Science

Computer Aids for Chemical Engineering (CACHE) teaching resources

  • Include syllabi, schedules, computer-aided tools, interactive simulations, screencasts, concept questions, textbook information, and useful links.

Open Media 

Flickr: The Commons

  • A photo sharing site where institutes such as The Library of Congress, Smithsonian Institution, and various others can post and share images that have no known copyright restrictions

Creative Commons Search

  • Searches websites for images that are creative commons licensed and that can be reused

Free Music Archive

  • A library of high-quality, royalty free audio downloads where creators have used Creative Commons licenses

Resources on OER

OER World Map 

  • World map of OERs, where their home institution and paragraph of the site, repository, or program.


  • A curated database and repository to identify, collect, preserve, and disseminate documents related to open educational resources.

Best Practice to Evaluate and Use OER